Java实现将网址转换成二维码

Cherish
2021-10-06 / 0 评论 / 29 阅读
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一、开发工具

lntelliJ IDEA 2021.1 (Ultimate Edition)

二、代码实现

1.导入jar包

Add as Lirary

2.代码实现

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.swing.filechooser.FileSystemView;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;
import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;

public class QrCodeUtil {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		String url = "http://www.cherishspring.cn";
		String path = FileSystemView.getFileSystemView().getHomeDirectory() + File.separator + "testQrcode";
		String fileName = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMddHHmmss").format(new Date()) + ".jpg";
		createQrCode(url, path, fileName);
	}

	public static String createQrCode(String url, String path, String fileName) {
		try {
			Map<EncodeHintType, String> hints = new HashMap<>();
			hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "UTF-8");
			BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(url, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, 400, 400, hints);
			File file = new File(path, fileName);
			if (file.exists() || ((file.getParentFile().exists() || file.getParentFile().mkdirs()) && file.createNewFile())) {
				writeToFile(bitMatrix, "jpg", file);
				System.out.println("搞定:" + file);
			}

		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}

	static void writeToFile(BitMatrix matrix, String format, File file) throws IOException {
		BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix);
		if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, file)) {
			throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format + " to " + file);
		}
	}

	static void writeToStream(BitMatrix matrix, String format, OutputStream stream) throws IOException {
		BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix);
		if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, stream)) {
			throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format);
		}
	}

	private static final int BLACK = 0xFF000000;
	private static final int WHITE = 0xFFFFFFFF;

	private static BufferedImage toBufferedImage(BitMatrix matrix) {
		int width = matrix.getWidth();
		int height = matrix.getHeight();
		BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
		for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
			for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
				image.setRGB(x, y, matrix.get(x, y) ? BLACK : WHITE);
			}
		}
		return image;
	}
}